The City of Rock Hill, S.C., is investing in compressed natural gas (CNG) with the planned expansion of its fueling facility and addition of CNG vehicles to the fleet. Currently, about 5 percent of the City’s roughly 700 on-road vehicles run on CNG. Marty Burr, performance manager for Rock Hill said he’s focusing on transitioning the City’s 12 refuse vehicles over to CNG – the City currently has two CNG refuse trucks.
The City’s investment in natural gas began in 1995, when it built a CNG fueling station and converted dump trucks to run on CNG, Burr said. Its CNG fleet has grown to include Ford pickup trucks, GMC dump trucks, the two sanitation trucks, and two Chevrolet Impalas. Burr said the fleet converted the Impalas in-house in 2009; an environmental inspector uses one, and the other was placed in the motor pool.
The City purchased the refuse vehicles in 2011, receiving them in 2012. Burr estimates savings in fuel costs will pay for the additional cost of the CNG refuse trucks in about 14 months. He explained that the diesel Autocar automatic side loader refuse trucks with New Way bodies cost $225,000 each, and it costs an additional $38,000 to order a vehicle that runs on CNG. Figuring the cost difference of CNG and diesel to be about $2.50 per gallon, with each vehicle using 50 gallons per day, five days a week, the City will save $32,500 in fuel costs per year. Over its 10-year lifecycle, each CNG vehicle will save $325,000 in fuel costs, Burr said.
“The truck pays for itself, and it puts money in your pocket,” Burr said. “After 14 months, you have lower operating costs.” He added that this doesn’t even include maintenance cost differences – in his experience, maintenance costs for CNG vehicles are lower than for diesel vehicles.
“Right now, we are working on a study to see the difference in actual maintenance costs,” Burr said. “We haven’t had the [refuse] vehicles long enough yet to do the complete comparison, but that’s going to be the next thing, and I think it’s going to be substantial.”
Burr plans to purchase two to three CNG vehicles per year as vehicles age.
The City owns and operates one publicly-accessible CNG fueling station, which replaced the station built in 1995. The station has some large commercial over-the-road fleet customers. It has one fast-fill hose and eight time-fill hoses. The City is planning to install 20 more time-fill hoses at the same station. In case of emergencies, Burr said York County Natural Gas, a local gas company, has a fueling station about four miles away.
Burr also said that he expects resale value for the vehicles to be high. When he first sold the CNG dump trucks in 2009, he had to convert them back to run on gasoline before selling them. Now, however, after getting inquiries about the vehicles and following resale prices online, he expects to be able to resell the vehicles for a much higher price.
By Thi Dao